JUMAH KHUTBA- Approaching the Quran Truly and Completely
Insha’allah you are all in the best state of health and Imaan. Please take time to send durood (salutations) upon the Prophet ﷺ (Allah’s peace and blessings be be upon him), especially on the Day of Jum’ah. Abu Hurayrah (ra) may Allah be pleased with him narrated Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, “The person who recites eighty times on Friday (the following supplication) immediately after Asr Salah, before standing up from his place, eighty years of his sins will be forgiven by Allah and the reward equivalent to eighty years of worship will be written for him: Allahuma Sallay Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Nabiyyil Ummiyi wa Ala Aalihi Wa sallim Tasleema” [Al-Jami Al-Saghir; Allamah Sakhaawi RA in Al-Qawl al-Badee’; Imaam Daraqutni RA and Al Muassah al-Rayyan]
And continue to send durood and salaam upon the Holy Prophet ﷺ every day insha’allah.
The Guest is here
Here we are now in the first week of the month of Ramadhan. The Quran which has been resting on the top of our shelves for days, weeks and for some months and has now found itself back in the hands of the believers.
We are now inshallah habitually reading it and trying our best to understand its meaning by deeply pondering over its purposes. We are hearing the Quran recited eloquently and beautifully by the Qari’s at Salaat-ul Taraweeh.
Many of us have realised that the Quran, its message, its verses and the vision of life which it proposes is no joke. We have also realised that it was in this blessed month that this noble kitaab was revealed and finalised for mankind as the last and final revelation for humanity and what Allah (swt) wishes for his creation to do on this Earth. Allah (swt) says in the Quran in Surah al Hashr:
لَوْ أَنْزَلْنَا هَٰذَا الْقُرْآنَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍ لَرَأَيْتَهُ خَاشِعًا مُتَصَدِّعًا مِنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ ۚ وَتِلْكَ الْأَمْثَالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
“Had we sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and split asunder (crumbling) by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables that we put forward to mankind that they may reflect.” [TMQ - Al-Hashr: 21]
So the Quran is no pass time in this month or a motion of recitation, but indeed a final reminder to humanity that must be taken seriously.
Much emphasis on Reading the Quran
In this blessed month we are reminded daily on the importance of being more attached to the Quran. The Holy Prophet ﷺ said “These hearts become rusty just as iron does when water affects it.” On being asked what could clear them he replied, “A great amount of remembrance of death and recitation of the Qur’an.” [Bayhaqi transmitted it in Shu'ab al-Iman. Abdullah ibn Umar narrated]
Hence the Quran is a reminder for us about our life and our purpose of existence. Let us not allow our hearts to become rusty devoid of the Quran! The Quran is also a remedy for us in our lives for many situations. This acts as reminding us to be close to the Quran and to making it as a reference point for the many situations we face daily.
The Holy Prophet ﷺ said “Do not turn your houses into graves. Shaytan is barred from any home where Surah Baqarah has been recited.” (Muslim). Regarding the 56th Surah of the Quran, Surah Waqiah, The prophet (peace be upon him) said of it “The one who reads Surah Waqiah at night will not face poverty.” (Bayhaqi)
Remembering the Quran
We are also encouraged to memorise the Quran such that our tongues remain moistened with its remembrance, acts as a guiding light in our hearts. Abdullah ibn Abbas narrated that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said “He in whose heart there is nothing of the Qur’an is like a house in ruin.” [Transmitted by Tirmidhi]
The Quran should never be allowed to left on our shelves gathering dust, we must realise that it is the Guidance that Allah (swt) has sent for humanity.
This is the Quran that will intercede for us on the day of judgement. The amount of Quran that we memorise will determine our level in Paradise . ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr ibn Al-’Aas heard the Holy Prophet ﷺ saying: “It will be said to the companion of the Qur’an: Read and elevate (through the levels of the Paradise ) and beautify your voice as you used to do when you were in the dunyaa! For verily, your position in the Paradise will be at the last verse you recite!” [Aboo Daawood and At-Tirmithee, saheeh]
Our mindset dictates how we approach the Quran
Despite the overwhelming connection we have with the Quran, sometimes it can become an emotional affair. Hence the Quran will be read during Ramadhan and forgotten for the rest of the year. Sometimes after a tragic event, a Muslim wants spiritual comfort, maybe a death in the family, feeling depressed or failed some major exams or loss of work. Even listening to the Quran recited in the Taraweeh prayer may just be a comforting exercise for our souls as a soother after the stresses of the day.
Referring to the Quran for our actions
The Quran was revealed to be the reference point for our actions, a decider of what is good and what is bad for us, laws to do with our relationship with Allah (swt), laws to do with ourselves and laws for human interaction in society. Allah (swt) says in Surah Ibrahim
الر ۚ كِتَابٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ لِتُخْرِجَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ
“This is a Book we have revealed unto you, O Muhammad, in order that you may lead mankind out of darkness into the light”. [TMQ Ibrahim:1-2]
The Muslim who looks at Islam as the source for his thinking makes it his basis for all actions. Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin Amr bin Al Aas (ra) reported that the Holy Prophet ﷺ said “None of you truly believes until his desires are in line with what I have brought” And in a similar hadith the prophet (saw) said “None of you truly believes until his aqal (thinking) is in line with what I have brought”
Hence the Prophet (saw) makes it explicit that we must make the revelation of the Quran as a permanent basis for our thinking. So are we making the Quran our source of thinking?
The “Selective” Quran Approach
We are affected by many thoughts such as Islam is only for our personal affairs, Islam is our ‘moral’ guide, Islam is a ‘religion’ like others, Islam needs to be packaged to fit with modern western standards……and the list goes on. With this mindset we are then affected by the way in which we approach the Quran. The reality dictates to us what to do and what not to do, instead of the Quran.
Islamic Schools vs Haraam Mortgage
Hence a parent will accommodate his children into an Islamic school to give them a good upbringing, a praiseworthy act in response to Allah’s command in Surah Tahrim
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ
“O ye who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is Men and Stones” At-Tahrim [66:6]
But the same parents will endorse having haraam mortgages on their house by making up excuses that there is no other option apart from this despite Allah addressing in the very same Quran in Surah al Baqarah.
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَذَرُوا مَا بَقِيَ مِنَ الرِّبَا إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ
“O ye who believe! Fear Allah and give up what remains of your demand for usury, if ye are indeed believers”. Al-Baqarah [2:278]
The Gelatine Muslim vs having a Girlfriend
Some young people will follow the commands on diet by checking all food packaging for E Numbers, (this person is commonly referred to as the Gelatine Muslim) and will avoid eating at McDonalds and KFC’s despite non-Muslim friends encouraging them to come in, in response to the Quran in Surah Maida
يَسْأَلُونَكَ مَاذَا أُحِلَّ لَهُمْ ۖ قُلْ أُحِلَّ لَكُمُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ ۙ وَمَا عَلَّمْتُم مِّنَ الْجَوَارِحِ مُكَلِّبِينَ تُعَلِّمُونَهُنَّ مِمَّا عَلَّمَكُمُ اللَّهُ
“They ask you (O Muhammad) what is lawful for them (as food). Say: “Lawful unto you are At-Tayyibat [all kind of Halal (lawful-good) foods which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits)]”. Al Maida (5:4)
But yet the same Muslim will have a girlfriend or boyfriend, will flirt on facebook, posing in their profile pictures to woo the opposite sex, will ‘hang around’ with the opposite sex in canteens, will feel no issue in going out with girls/guys to the pictures to watch the latest movie or in some cases ‘staying over’ at the house.
This is despite the Quran addressing such issues in Surah An-Noor
وَلْيَسْتَعْفِفِ الَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ نِكَاحًا حَتَّىٰ يُغْنِيَهُمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ
“And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah enriches them of His Bounty”. Surah An-Noor (24:33)
Pushing the Islamic Solutions VS Western Politics
When we face international situations as an Ummah like the bombarding of Gaza, Drone attacks in Pakistan, invasion of Afghanistan many of us want to do something because Allah (swt) said
أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ ۚ إِن يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَىٰ بِهِمَا
“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah is a Better Protector to both (than you)”. Surah An-Nisa (4:135)
But many of us run to ANY option disregarding how Islam has asked us to solve our Political problems, including contacting MP’s, asking for UN resolutions, joining National Political parties, asking for council motions, writing letters to the Prime Minister or President for help.
This is despite knowing that Western powers have caused the mess in the Muslim World and jeer at the continuation of this as it suits Western Political agendas.
Muslims still endorse Western politics despite Allah (swt) declaring in the Quran in Surah An-Nisa
أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنَّهُمْ آمَنُوا بِمَا أُنزِلَ إِلَيْكَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ مِن قَبْلِكَ يُرِيدُونَ أَن يَتَحَاكَمُوا إِلَى الطَّاغُوتِ وَقَدْ أُمِرُوا أَن يَكْفُرُوا بِهِ وَيُرِيدُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَن يُضِلَّهُمْ ضَلَالًا بَعِيدًا
“Have you seen those who claim that they believe in that which has been sent down to you and that which has been sent down before you and they wish to go for judgement in their dispute to the Taghout while they have been ordered to declare Kufr in them but Shaytan wishes to lead them far astray” An-Nisa (4:60)
“Consequences” of selectively referring to the Quran
Muslims should not fear to raise the correct Islamic solutions based on what the Quran says, but should stand for Justice and call for the true Solutions with no compromise. How can we in this month of Ramadhan after hearing the Quran, reading it, searching into its meaning and Tafseer still base our actions on other than it?
Allah (swt) says in the Quran in Surah Al-Baqarah
أَفَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِبَعْضِ الْكِتَابِ وَتَكْفُرُونَ بِبَعْضٍ ۚ فَمَا جَزَاءُ مَن يَفْعَلُ ذَٰلِكَ مِنكُمْ إِلَّا خِزْيٌ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ أَشَدِّ الْعَذَابِ
“Then is it only a part of the Book that you believe in, and do you reject the rest? What is the reward for those among you who behave like this except disgrace in this life and on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty.” (2:85)
The verses in the Quran are intertwined
The Quran has not come with chapters for specific topics. Hence there is no section only for prayer, zakat, hajj, Governance, fasting, inheritance, Economics, marriage, orphans or foreign policy. Rather the verses are addressed throughout the Quran and in some cases in three verses, one after the other, Allah addresses three completely different topics. In Surah Al-Baqarah Allah says between verses 187, 188, 189.
أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَىٰ نِسَائِكُمْ ۚ هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَّكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَّهُنَّ
“It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are Libas [i.e. body cover, or screen, or Sakan], for you and you are the same for them”. (2:187)
وَلَا تَأْكُلُوا أَمْوَالَكُم بَيْنَكُم بِالْبَاطِلِ وَتُدْلُوا بِهَا إِلَى الْحُكَّامِ لِتَأْكُلُوا فَرِيقًا مِّنْ أَمْوَالِ النَّاسِ بِالْإِثْمِ وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
“And eat up not one another’s property unjustly (in any illegal way e.g. stealing, robbing, deceiving, etc.), nor give bribery to the rulers (judges before presenting your cases) that you may knowingly eat up a part of the property of others sinfully” (2:188)
يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْأَهِلَّةِ ۖ قُلْ هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَالْحَجِّ ۗ وَلَيْسَ الْبِرُّ
“They ask you (O Muhammad) about the new moons. Say: These are signs to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage”. (2:189)
Hence the Quran makes no difference in Politics and Government and ablution and prayer. So why do we? So can a Muslim pick and choose what they want to practice in the Quran?
The Messenger of Allah (saw) was described as a walking example of the Quran. Was he not a judge, a family man, commander of the armed forces, leader of a state, a teacher of students, Husband of his wives and a ruler? So why should Muslims separate commands in the Quran and claim that s too Political or this is too ‘extreme’ in this day and age?
Are we then approaching the Quran comprehensively? Isn’t this what the British Governments British version of Islam all about?
Isn’t this what Obama referred to as moderate Islam in his speeches in Egypt and Turkey ?
The Quran must be the source for our thoughts, actions and behaviours. Otherwise we will suffer in the misery that we are facing internationally as an ummah and individually in our personal lives. The Quran came for implementation on a piece of land and not just for reading and memorisation or for Mosques and houses.
Allah mentions in Surah Al-Maida
وَأَنِ احْكُم بَيْنَهُم بِمَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ وَلَا تَتَّبِعْ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ وَاحْذَرْهُمْ أَن يَفْتِنُوكَ عَن بَعْضِ مَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ
“Judge between them by what has been revealed by Allah, and do not follow their whims and desires, and beware of them lest they lead you away from the guidance sent down to you by God.” [5:49]
And let us finish with a reminder from The Holy Prophet ﷺ when he said “Allah will elevate some nations through this book and degrade others with it” [Muslim]